show themselves ; first about the neck and ears, and afterwards along the back, until at about the sixteenth day the markings are distinct over the body, excepting only the tail, which frequently remains white for a few weeks longer.
The standard of points as laid down by the leading club is sufficiently explicit to be easily understood, and is as follows
General Appearance-The Dalmatian should represent a strong, muscular, and active dog, symmetrical in outline, and free from coarseness and lumber, capable of great endurance combined with a fair amount of speed. Head-The head should be of a fair length ; the skull flat, rather broad between the ears, and moderately well defined at the temples-i.e. exhibiting a moderate amount of stop and not in one straight line from the nose to the occiput bone as required in a Bullterrier. It should be entirely free from wrinkle. Muzzle-The muzzle should be long and powerful ; the lips clean, fitting the jaws moderately close. Eyes-The eyes should be set moderately well apart, and of medium size, round, bright, and sparkling, with an intelligent expression, their colour greatly depending on the markings of the dog. In the black spotted variety the eyes should be dark (black or dark brown), in the liver-spotted variety they should be light (yellow or light brown). The Rim round the Eyes in the black-spotted variety should be black, in the liver-spotted variety brown-never flesh-colour in either. Ears-The ears should be set on rather high, of moderate size, rather wide at the base, and gradually tapering to a round point. They should be carried close to the head, be thin and fine in texture, and always spotted-the more profusely the better. Nose-The nose in the black-spotted variety should always be black, in the liverspotted variety always brown. Neck and Shoulders-The neck should be fairly long, nicely arched, light and tapering, and entirely free from throatiness. The shoulders should be moderately oblique, clean, and muscular, denoting speed. Body, Back, Chest, and Loins-The chest should not be too wide, but very deep and capacious, ribs moderately well sprung, never rounded like barrel hoops (which would indicate want of speed), the back powerful, loin strong, muscular, and slightly arched. Legs and Feet-The legs and feet are of great importance. The fore-legs should be perfectly straight, strong, and heavy in bone elbows close to the body ; fore-feet round, compact with well-arched toes (cat-footed), and round, tough, elastic pads. In the hind-legs the muscles should be clean, though well-defined ; the hocks well let down. Nails-The nails in the black-spotted variety should be black and white in the liver-spotted variety brown and white. Tail-The tail should not be too long, strong at the insertion, and gradually tapering towards the end, free from coarseness. It should not be inserted too low down, but carried with a slight curve upwards, and never curled. It should be spotted, the more profusely the better. Coat-The coat should be short, hard, dense and fine, sleek and glossy in appearance, but neither woolly nor silky. Colour and Markings-These are most important points. The ground colour in both varieties should be