THE OLD ENGLISH SHEEPDOG 63
in his classes reached a total of over one hundred, and there was no gainsaying the quality.
This satisfactory result is due in no small measure to the initiative of the Old English Sheepdog Club, a society founded in 1888, with the avowed intention of promoting the breeding of the old-fashioned English Sheepdog, and of giving prizes at various shows held under Kennel Club Rules.
The pioneers of this movement, so far as history records their names, were Dr. Edwardes-Ker, an enthusiast both in theory and in practice, from whose caustic pen dissentients were wont to suffer periodical castigation ; Mr. W. G. Weager, who has held office in the club for some twenty years ; Mrs. Mayhew, who capably held her own amongst her fellowmembers of the sterner sex ; Mr. Freeman Lloyd, who wrote an interesting pamphlet on the breed in 1889 ; and Messrs. J. Thomas and Parry Thomas.
Theirs can have been no easy task at the outset, for it devolved upon them to lay down, in a succinct and practical form, leading principles for the guidance of future enthusiasts. It runs thus :
General Appearance-A strong, compact-looking dog of great symmetry, absolutely free from legginess, profusely coated all over, very elastic in its gallop, but in walking or trotting he has a characteristic ambling or pacing movement, and his bark should be loud, with a peculiar pot casse ring in it. Taking him all round, he is a thick-set, muscular, able-bodied dog, with a most intelligent expression, free from all Poodle or Deerhound character. Skull-Capacious, and rather squarely formed, giving plenty of room for brain power. The parts over the eyes should be well arched and the whole well covered with hair. Jaw-Fairly long, strong, square and truncated ; the stop should be defined to avoid a Deerhound face. The attention of judges is particu
larly called to the above properties, as a long, narrow head is a deformity.
Eyes-Vary according to the colour of the dog, but dark or wall eyes are to be preferred. Nose-Always black, large, and capacious. Teeth-Strong and large, evenly placed, and level in opposition. Ears -Small, and carried flat to side of head, coated moderately. LegsThe fore-legs should be dead straight, with plenty of bone, removing the body to a medium height from the ground, without approaching legginess ; well coated all round. Feet-Small, round ; toes well arched and pads thick and hard. Tail-Puppies requiring docking must have an appendage left of one and a half to two inches and the operation performed when not older than four days. Neck and Shoulders