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separate points every hundred yards or so round the wood. A pack of hounds is sent in to draw the quarry, and on the wolves breaking cover the nearest hunter slips his dogs. These endeavour to seize their prey by the neck, where they hold him until the hunter arrives, throws himself from his horse, and with his knife puts an end to the fray.

Another method is to advance across the open country at intervals of about two hundred yards, slipping the dogs at any game they may put up.

Trials are also held in Russia. These take place in a large railed enclosure, the wolves being brought in carts similar to our deer carts. In this case a brace of dogs is loosed on the wolf. The whole merit of the course is when the hounds can overtake the wolf and pin him to the ground, so that the keepers can secure him alive. It follows, therefore, that in this case also the hounds must be of equal speed, so that they reach the wolf simultaneously ; one dog would, of course, be unable to hold him.

Naturally, the dogs have to be trained to the work, for which purpose the best wolves are taken alive and sent to the kennels, where the young dogs are taught to pin him in such a manner that he cannot turn and use his teeth. There seems to be no reason why the Borzoi should not be used for coursing in this country.

One of the first examples of the breed exhibited in England was owned by Messrs. Hill and Ashton, of Sheffield, about 188o, at which time good specimens were imported by the Rev. J. C. Macdona and Lady Emily Peel, whose Sandringham and Czar excited general admiration. It was then known as the Siberian Wolfhound. Some years later the Duchess of Newcastle obtained several fine dogs, and from this stock Her Grace founded the kennel which has since become so famous. Later still, Queen Alexandra received from the Czar a gift of a leash of these stately hounds, one of them being Alex, who quickly achieved honours as a champion.

The breed has become as fashionable in the United States as


in Great Britain, and some excellent specimens are to be seen at the annual shows at Madison Square Gardens.

To take the points of the breed in detail, the description of the perfect Borzoi is as follows :

Head-This should be long, lean, and well balanced, and the length, from the tip of the nose to the eyes, must be the same as from the eyes to the occiput. A dog may have a long head, but the length may be all in front of the eyes. The heads of this breed have greatly improved the last few years ; fewer " apple-headed " specimens, and more of the desired triangular heads being seen. The skull should be flat and narrow, the stop not perceptible, the muzzle long and tapering. Too much stress cannot be laid on the importance of the head being well filled up before the eyes. The head, from forehead to nose, should be so fine that the direction of the bones and principal veins can be seen clearly, and in profile should appear rather Roman nosed. Bitches should be even narrower in head than dogs. The Eyes should be dark, expressive, almond shaped, and not too far apart. The Ears like those of a Greyhound, small, thin, and placed well back on the head, with the tips, when thrown back, almost touching behind the occiput. It is not a fault if the dog can raise his ears erect when excited or looking after game, although some English judges dislike this frequent characteristic. The head should be carried somewhat low, with the neck continuing the line of the back. Shoulders-Clean and sloping well back, i.e., the shoulder blades should almost touch one another. Chest -Deep and somewhat narrow. It must be capacious, but the capacity must be got from depth, and not from " barrel " ribs-a bad fault in a running hound. Back-Rather bony, and free from any cavity in the spinal column, the arch in the back being more marked in the dog than in the bitch. Loins-Broad and very powerful, showing plenty of muscular development. Thighs-Long and well developed, with good second thigh. The muscle in the Borzoi is longer than in the Greyhound. Ribs-Slightly sprung, very deep, reaching to the elbow. Fore-legs-Lean and straight. Seen from the front they should be narrow and from the side broad at the shoulder and narrowing gradually down to the foot, the bone appearing flat and not round as in the Foxhound. Hind-legs-The least thing under the body when standing still, not straight, and the stifle slightly bent. They should, of course, be straight as regards each other, and not " cow-hocked," but straight hind-legs imply a want of speed. Feet-Like those of the Deerhound, rather long. The toes close together and well arched. Coat-Long, silky, not woolly ; either flat, wavy, or curly. On the head, ears, and front-legs it should be short and smooth; on the neck the frill should be profuse and rather curly ; on the chest and the rest of the body, the tail and hind-quarters, it should be long ; the fore-legs being well feathered. Tail-Long, well feathered, and not gaily carried. It should be carried well down, almost touching the ground. HeightDogs from 29 inches upwards at shoulder, bitches from 27 inches upwards. (Originally 27 inches and 26 inches. Altered at a general meeting of the Borzoi Club, held February, 1906.) Faults-Head short

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