THE SPORTING SPANIEL 163
variety breeders have all a ground colour of white, and are black and white, blue roan, liver and white, red roan, liver white and tan, and tricolours or quadri-colours-i.e., blue or red roan and tan, or both combined, with tan. The Spaniel Club furnishes the following description of the Black Field Spaniel:
Head-Should be quite characteristic of this grand sporting dog, as that of the Bloodhound or the Bulldog ; its very stamp and countenance should at once convey the conviction of high breeding, character and nobility ; skull well developed, with a distinctly elevated occipital tuberosity, which, above all, gives the character alluded to ; not too wide across muzzle, long and lean, never snipy nor squarely cut, and in profile curving gradually from nose to throat ; lean beneath eyes, a thickness here gives coarseness to the whole head. The great length of muzzle gives surface for the free development of the olfactory nerve, and thus secures the highest possible scenting powers. Eyes-Not too full, but not small, receding or overhung ; colour dark hazel or dark brown, or nearly black ; grave in expression, and bespeaking unusual docility and instinct. Ears-Set low down as possible, which greatly adds to the refinement and beauty of the head, moderately long and wide, and sufficiently clad with nice Setter-like feather. Neck-Very strong and muscular, so as to enable the dog to retrieve his game without undue fatigue ; not too short, however. Body (Including size and symmetry)-Long and very low, well ribbed up to a good strong loin, straight or slightly arched, never slack ; weight from about 35
to 45 lbs. Nose-Well developed, with good open nostrils, and always black. Shoulders and Chest-Former sloping and free, latter deep and well developed, but not too round and wide. Back and Loin -Very strong and muscular ; level and long in proportion to the height of the dog. Hind-quarters-Very powerful and muscular, wide, and fully developed. Stern-Well set on, and carried low, if possible below the level of the back, in a perfectly straight line, or with a slight downward inclination, never elevated above the back, and in action always kept low, nicely fringed, with wavy feather of silky texture. Feet and Legs-Feet not too small, and well protected between the toes with soft feather ; good strong pads. Legs straight and immensely boned, strong and short, and nicely feathered with straight or waved Setter-like feather, overmuch feathering below the hocks objectionable. CoatFlat or slightly waved, and never curled. Sufficiently dense to resist the weather, and not too short. Silky in texture, glossy, and refined in nature, with neither duffelness on the one hand nor curl or wiriness on the other. On chest under belly, and behind the legs, there should be abundant feather, but never too much, and that of the right sort, viz., Setter-like. The tail and hind-quarters should be similarly adorned. Colour-Jet black throughout, glossy and true. A little white on chest, though a drawback, not a disqualification. General AppearanceThat of a sporting dog, capable of learning and doing anything possible
for his inches and conformation. A grand combination of beauty and utility.