252 DOGS AND ALL ABOUT THEM
should be close in to the body both when moving or standing, thus causing the fore-leg to be well placed in under the shoulder. The forelegs should be straight and thickly covered with short hard hair. The hind-legs should be short and sinewy. The thighs very muscular and not too wide apart. The hocks bent and well set in under the body, so as to be fairly close to each other either when standing, walking, or running (trotting) ; and, when standing, the hind-legs, from the point of the hock down to fetlock joint, should be straight or perpendicular and not far apart. The fore-feet are larger than the hind ones, are round, proportionate in size, strong, thickly padded, and covered with short hard hair. The foot must point straight forward. The hind-feet are smaller, not quite as round as fore-feet, and thickly padded. The under surface of the pads of feet and all the nails should be distinctly black in colour. Hocks too much bent (cow hocks) detract from the general appearance. Straight hocks are weak. Both kinds are undesirable, and should be guarded against. TailSix or seven inches long, covered with hard hairs, no feathers, as straight as possible ; carried gaily, but not curled over back. A long tail is objectionable. Movement-Should be free, straight, and easy all round. In front, the leg should be freely extended forward by the shoulder. The hind movement should be free, strong, and close. The hocks should be freely flexed and drawn close in under the body, so that, when moving off the foot, the body is thrown or pushed forward with some force. Stiff, stilty movement behind is very objectionable.
FAULTS : Coat-Any silkiness, wave, or tendency to curl is a serious blemish, as is also an open coat. Black or grey hairs disqualify for .competition. Size-Any specimens under the minimum, or above the maximum weight, are objectionable. Eyes-Full or light coloured. Ears-Round-pointed, drop, broad and large, or too heavily covered -with hair. Muzzle-Either under or over shot, and defective teeth.