LIVERIES, HORSE CLOTHING, ETC. 85
cordion, which is often noticed. The breeches arc all well-made leathers, and on the average well put on. The upper buttons at the knees should invariably be placed in a hollow which is found on the outside of the tibia and just below the patella or kneecap. These liveries all happen to have velvet collars ; they are simply a matter of' individual taste. Cockades should be worn only when the owner is a member of the army, navy, or diplomatic corps. Shoulder knots and fancy collars and cuff's are not in the best of form. It may be well here to state that a footman in house livery is quite proper on a lady's carriage, especially when the carriage is an open one.
Plate XXXIX shows a coachman and groom in greatcoats, and the same features will be found here as in the body coats, except that, as the coat buttons to the neck, the coachman's coat has generally two rows of seven buttons and that of the groom two rows of six buttons, but they may have the same number.
As a general rule a coachman's greatcoat should come a trifle below the top of his boots, and that of the groom to the upper button of his breeches when placed as before described. Plate V, in the chapter on Coaching, gives a very good example of a guard's livery.