sides, and into which the "lounging" reins, side reins, or other straps can be buckled at the pleasure of the breaker, in order to accustom the horse to restraint aside from that of the bit. This is a most useful instrument in the hands of a skilful person, but it can be made very injurious when improperly applied.
Having given the horse several days of the dumb jockey, he may be led or lounged with the cavesson. It will be noticed that the treatment has already brought him into better balance. An intelligent use of soft ground and thick straw, with occasional logs among it which can be seen, will add very materially to his action and carriage.
The above-described treatment will be found of considerable service when the horse is finally put in harness, provided his driver conforms to the principles which govern it. The animal must be made to realize that by flexing his neck to a certain point he will find relief, but that the harder he pulls the more he will suffer. The application of this principle is of equal service in the bitting of a horse and in the making of a coachman's hands.
One of the most brilliant exponents of the school of flexing and mouthing was the Frenchman Baucher ; and while his attention was in a great measure directed toward the training of the horse for the saddle and