THE SUMEM BIRDS
OF THE- ADIRONDACKS IN FRANKLIN COUNTY, N. Y. Br THEODORE ROOSEVELT, Ja., AND H. D. MINOT
The following catalogue (written in the mountains) Is based upon observations made in August, 1874, August, 1875, and June 22d to July 9th, 1877, especially about the Saint Regis Lakes, Mr. Minot having been with me, only during the last week of June. Each of us has used his initials in making a statement which the other has not verified.
The general features of the Adirondacks, In those parts which we have examined, are the many lakes, the absence of mountain-brooks, the luxuriant forest-growth (the taller deciduous trees often reaching the height. of a hundred feet, and the White Pines even that of a hundred and thirty), the sandy soil, the cool, invigorating air, and both a decided wildness and levelness of country as compared with the diversity of the White Mountain region.
The avifauna is not so rich as that of the latter country, because wanting in certain "Alleghanian" birds found there, and also in species belonging especially to the Eastern or North-eastern Canadian fauna. Nests, moreover, seem to be more commonly inaccessible, and rarely built beside roads or wood-paths, as they often are in the White Mountains. M.
L Robin. Turdus mtgratorius (Linnmus). Moderately common. Sometimes foundd in the woods.
2. Hermit Thrush. Turdus Pallasi (Cabanis). Common. Sings until the middle of August (R.).
3. Swainson's Thrush. Turdus Swainsoni (Cabanis). The commonest thrush.
4. Cat-bird. Ntmus Carolinensis (Linnteus). Observed beyond the, mountains to the northward, near Malone.
5. Blue Bird. Siaiia sialis (Linnieus). Common near Malone.
8. Golden-crowned "Wren." Regulus satrapa (Lichten.). Quite common; often heard singing in June.
7. Chickadee. Pares atricapillus (Linnseus). Rather scarce in June. Abundant in August (R.).
8. Hudsonian Chickadee. Pares Hudsonicus (Forster). Found In small flocks at Bay Pond in the early part of August (R.).
9. Red-bellied Nuthatch. Sitta Canadensis (LinnEeus). Common. The White-bellied Nuthatch has not been observed here by us. 10. Brown Creeper. Certhia familiaris (Linneus). Common.
11. Winter Wren. Troglodytes hyemalis (Vieillot). Moderately'
FACSIMILE OF THE FIRST PAGE OF THE "CATALOGUE OF SUMMER BIRDS,"
MADE IN 1877 BY THEODORE ROOSEVELT, JY., AND H. D. MINOT