PHASES Ot• LIVE. 15
life is simple. It is not easy to appeal to his moral sense. The motives placed before him must be such as will directly reach his senses and his limited experience. The child is selfish without having the sense of ownership. He does not perceive that it is wrong to take what belongs to others.
The student of history sees how these childish traits apply in a striking way to the early history of nations and of the human race.
PHASE of YOUTH. The range of organs which rule in this period from the tenth to the twentieth year, includes the groups of memory, familism and defense. Through observation, memory and language, the youth acquires stores of knowledge; through reverence, parental love and patriotism, lie learns some of his relations to his superiors, his equals and his inferiors; and through the faculties of economy, defense and reserve, lie gets an idea of property and personal rights.
In the national phase of youth we find that literature, as such, receives its first great impulses of growth. The art of verbal expression outstrips the gains in actual knowledge and the people mistake the skilful clothing of words for the vital form of truth itself, as we see in the Platonic period of Grecian literature. "They knew but little, yet knew how to express that little extremely well. "
THE PHASE OF MATURITY reaches from twenty to sixty years. In this period the high faculties of integrity, self-control, sexual, fraternal and religious love and hope, with reason and foresight, come into prominence and rule the character The crude ideas of childhood and youth are displaced . by -exact =