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which exist in society by simply increasing our knowledge, or by becoming more religious, or by great economic changes and reforms. So long as this law exists in the nature of man, so long must any one of these remedies assuredly fail if tried alone. The great evils which curse the word have found their source not in one, but in every set of faculties which make up the complex mind of man. It is not difficult to make a social reform which shall be equally broad and definite. "One thing at a time" is not the law of growth in nature, either for evil or for good. In her work, many parts are in process of formation at the same time. It would be well for reformers to learn this profound lesson.

The great drama of human history has not been ruled by the caprices of statesmen and kings, nor by the unguided impulses of men. Despite all of its obstacles and windings, it has been an impressive and majestic procession, moving forward and upward under the dominion of eternal laws. These laws belong to the constitution of the human mind itself. And because the mind has for its central instrument the Brain, with its fixed and permanent groups of faculties, because of this fact we may trace on a map of the human brain all those extended phases in the historic growth of man.

If the mental faculties had not fixed locations in the brain, locations exactly adapted to the function which each one performs, if this were not the case, then all mental operations would be but a mass of disorder and uncertainty.

But these locations in the brain have been established by a whole century of scientific observation

and experiment. Beginning with Dr. Joseph Francis Gall in 1796 and continued by Sir Charles Bell, Marshal Hall, Magendie, Flourens, Dr. Carpenter, Sunderland, Fowler, Buchanan and other mesmerists, succeeded by the extended analytic work of Sivartha and the final and conclusive experiments of

Dr. Ferrier; with all these the locations now rest upon as decisive proof as that which any science can claim.

It is true that the physiologists have disproved four of Gall's locations. These were Sex-love, Parental-love, Frendship, and Patriotism. These belong to the side and top brain and not to the back part. The two great centers of the brain, the Moths and Sensus, were discovered after Gall's time. His work was only the beginning of a science. He dealt with the law of Location, but this is only one of the twelve great mental laws. The others have been developed by his successors. Our present knowledge of the subject includes a hundred times more than all that was in the old system of Phrenology. But this volume is not the place to elaborate the proofs and details of mental science. At the present day all scientific men believe in definite functions of the brain.

The sociologists are fond of telling us that there must be a higher growth of the brain among men in order to adapt them to new and better institutions. But these scientists should have given us a map Of


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