opposable to the thumb. Upon this structure and form of the hand depends the possibility of all works of art and skill.
Whatever may be the functions of the top brain, these well-proved laws of science assure us that these functions must rule in the future of national life, in the political conduct of men, no less than in that of the individual members of society. It therefore becomes a question of importance: What are these faculties of the upper brain? They are those that lead to science, inspiration, culture, philanthropy, religion, justice, devotion, love, stability, aspiration, self-control and civil order. They are faculties that by universal consent occupy the highest place in the estimation of civilized men.
MATURITY OF THE RACE. In Europe and Amer
ica, in China and India, the nations have passed through the phases of national childhood and youth. They have entered the great phase of maturity. We therefore have the supreme warrant of science in affirming that new institutions will be formed in which the guiding hand of science will determine the plans, the methods of action, and the forms of structure.
In the phases of youth it was the faculties of memory, it was human experience and history, that guided the statesmen and kings. That was the best light they had. But in the phase of maturity the higher faculties of reason, with their product, science, become the guiding light. And science means exact knowledge, such as all can understand alike. Science can always count and measure.
Whatever a nation does, is the work of its component