and harbor improvements. It was useless and expensive machinery, in both the national and the state governments.
The six hundred "first gentlemen of Europe" who make up the British Parliament, constitute an unwieldy body, uncertain and heavy in its movements. And so of the American Congress. It has too many members. When a Congress meets at the opening of a session it is a mob. One member, the vicepresident, has some known duties. The other members are without any special functions, any allotted duties. They must proceed, in the lower house, to puta head on themselves. They must elect a speaker or chairman. Then they choose fifty-seven committees, above and below, and give each of these its work to do. Then, after a Week, or even two or three weeks of delay, they are ready for business.
In place of such cumbrous and indefinite machinery, the scientific method would have twelve departments and thirty-six subdivisions of these, with an officer at the head of each one. When these leaders are to be elected, each candidate knows definitely what duties he is to fill, and the people may judge of his qualifications for those special functions. All is certainty, order and economy.
The new method would immensely reduce the expenses of the national and state governments. Yet it covers twice as much ground; represents twice as many functions.
THE NORMAL METHOD of action in the brain is
for each organ to start the impulse intended to supply the needs which belong to its proper functions.
For example', the organ of reason may require