lions of working people, as well as a multitude of professional men, are now asking this question, and they will keep on asking it in louder and louder tones, until there is a just, a wise, and a practical answer.
THE BASIS OF RIGHTS. Every person has a
natural right to the proper conditions, development and use of each faculty. Rights cannot be created or transferred by men.
As all human beings, of either sex and of all races, have the same number and kind of faculties, therefore all have the same great classes of personal and social rights.
A man has a right to pure air, for the lungs require that to do their work of purifying the blood. He has a right to food, for the stomach needs that to make blood with. He has a right to work, for good muscles can never be satisfied with idleness.
The argument in regard to rights of the bodily organs applies to the brain organs with equal force. Man has a right to general knowledge because his faculty of memory requires that to use in every employment. He has a right to science because the organ of reason can only be satisfied by clear explanations, and the scientific form of knowledge is always practical; it always tells us how to do a thing with success.
Man has a right to friends, the society of his fellow beings, for without these he cannot use and satisfy his faculties of fraternal love, parental love, sex-love and philanthropy. By associating with others in organized society he gains the conditions required for the free exercise of his social faculties. It is not true, as many statesmen have taught, that " when men