of workers, the profits are sufficient to make this man wealthy while those who did the work remain poor.
This financier has used his own mental force, but is this mental force three hundred times greater than that which is used by each one of his three hundred workmen ? Science, applied to brain action, proves that he has exerted only a little more brain force than the average man of skill working for him. The financier has received three hundred times as much as each workman got. Where did he get his right to this great excess? He may say that it is the established custom among men; they have always employed others for the profits on their labor. Well, if custom is the only basis of the right, then if workmen choose, they can exchange that custom and establish an utterly different one in its place. And they will make this change as soon as they once consider the matter.
" But these workmen need the talent of the employer; they could not get along without his judgment to plan, to invest and to oversee the work." Very well, neither could the employer get along without the trained skill and the experienced judgment of each worker. Is financial talent the only God-like and worthy thing in the world? Is it so precious and so scarce that we must pay such an enormous and crushing price for its use? Is selfishness more noble than all other virtues?
No good or honest reason has ever been given why the financier's special talent should be exempt from the great natural law of specialization and social interdependence. We have a right to demand that he shall use his talent, not chiefly for his own interests,