FROM MOTE TO STAR. 209
It is the glory of modern science that it does more
than to give us an inward consciousness of the vast
unity of things. For by giving us a definite knowl
edge of laws, the science of our day places in our hands
the power to create those harmonies of life that shall
fill the measure of human aspirations.
The modern attempts to prove that morality is not
a part of religion have been false to both history and
philosophy. For history shows that every great
religion has included a system of morality, it has dealt
with the relations of man to man. And philosophy
agrees with inspiration in teaching that our fellow
beings have souls as well as ourselves, and that the
relations of parent and child, of man and wife, of neighbor and friend, all serve to illustrate our proper relations to spiritual beings above and around us.
Religion is essentially social and not individual. For it always expresses the reciprocal relations of one living being to others. To say that religion is or should be a private affair is to mistake its very nature. We are related to our fellow beings; we act upon them through every faculty. The true constitution of society, with all of its institutions, thus becomes the greatest question of religion. The prophets of Israel were right in making religion a constituent part in a kingdom or state of universal righteousness. The Bible salvation was collective; it aimed at saving communities and nations, as all of its great promises clearly show. The full life of man is collective ; it is always connected with the life of his fellows. The isolated monk in his narrow cell imagined that he was religious. But his experience was morbid ; it was far from being healthy and normal.