miles a day, for several consecutive days, over our indifferent roads with the same team.*
Driving, by the Duke of Beaufort, covers the subject quite fully, and Howlett, in his Driving Lessons, gives an excellent and practical illustration of what we are about to describe. Swales, in his book, Driving, as I have Found It, gives some of the best sketches extant, showing the positions of the hands, with both two and four reins. Captain C. Morley Knight, in his Hints on Driving, also gives some very good suggestions. It would be well for any amateur coachman to read all these books at length, as they will undoubtedly prove of service to him.
Assuming the would-be coachman to be familiar with the method of holding his reins and proficient in the use of his whip, let him walk quietly up to his off wheeler. He finds the hand pieces of the reins either looped over the pad terret or with the bight pushed under the tug strap. The whip is either in the whip bucket or is laid across the wheelers' backs, both of