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work, and labor will no longer be drudgery. When labor is done with the right spirit, with the soul as well as the body, then it will not be exhausting; we shall accumulate as much vital force as we expend. Four hours a day, on the average, for physical labor will be widely different in its effects from the excessive toils of civilism. But more than this, the laws of interchange between the groups, and the responses of these to each other, will exalt labor to the rank of the noblest harmonies.

In another chapter we have already spoken of these responsive exchanges. They are a means by which the members secure a wide and systematic variety in their work and pleasures. They are not tied down to a monotonous round of unvaried toil. By thus calling all their faculties into activity they prevent that partial development of personal character which would result from using a few faculties incessantly in one vocation,

The members of society make temporary exchanges of employment or of position with those who are their thirds, fifths or octaves. For example, those in the department of food-culture may exchange with those who are in the department of luxuries; those in the groups of wealth may exchange with those in the groups of rulership. The mind is rested and harmonized by passing from the work or amusements of the groups of art to those in the group of science, or from those in the group of falnilism to those of religion, or from those of letters to those of culture. Such exchanges and harmonies were not possible in any of the societies of civilism.

E SYSTEMS OF MONEY. How shall we effect the


exchange of products; how shall we secure to every man the full results of his labor?

The answer must be very different in the new order from what it could have been in the old. First, we know that every person has done his share. With the new system of integral culture we know that there is no "unskilled" labor. With universal employment there is no idler, no non-producer. We know that every one over seven years of age has produced more than enough for the three primal wants of food, clothing and shelter and these of the best quality. Therefore we arc perfectly safe in securing and assuring these to each member. We know that the average cost of these is practically the same, no matter how much the individual tastes and work may differ. With everything organized, it is an easy thing to know what is the average.cost of living at any time.

Shall we keep a careful account of what labor each person has done and for all above the cost of these necessities, pay them in money or some equivalent? In that case the money must be issued by the national government so that it will pass anywhere. The money must not be gold, for that is subject to far greater fluctuations in the quantity produced than is the case with most commodities. We need a less variable standard. We can take as a unit one hour of labor, a Stad, or for the smallest unit, a Stod, or five minutes of labor. The money would consist of labor notes, representing so many of these units. The money must be equal in volume to the necessities of exchange. This money could be used to buy all salable things,


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